2 mins read

What is HTML and How it Works for Web

What is HTML and It’s History

person encoding HTML Web Page in laptop

HTML is the short abbreviation of HyperText Markup Language. It’s a markup language or building block of the web development process. Generally, it is used to design and structure web pages and web applications and determine everything from layout to style and functionality. Like any other markup language, HTML codes are invisible in a website. What we see is formatting made by HTML. It employs tags and attributes—for instance, for a paragraph—to structure content. Understanding this language is like learning the grammar of the web’s language.

Introducing HTML 1.0.

HTML was invented in the early 1990s. Tim Berners-Lee created HTML in 1991 and 1992. He also developed the first browser editor on a NeXT workstation using Objective-C.

This pioneering tool was essential to the original version of Hyper Text Markup Language, enabling web content creation, reading, and modification. The first version was officially launched in June 1993, marking a significant moment in online history.

HTML’s evolutionary path

HTML is not a static object; it has evolved enormously since its creation. Each version includes new features and enhancements, changing the way web content is created and delivered.

The different versions of HTML

HTML (1991): The first iteration, laying the groundwork for future development.

HTML+ (1993): An early expansion of HTML’s capabilities.

HTML 2.0 (1995): A notable update, setting new standards.

HTML 3.2 (1997): Add Further enhancements and features.

HTML 4.01 (1999): A move towards standardization and modern web design.

XHTML 1.0 (2000): Merging HTML with XML for more efficiency.

HTML5 (October 2014): A revolutionary update introducing multimedia integration and advanced scripting capabilities.

One can identify the HTML version used in a web document through the ‘Document Type Declaration’ (DOCTYPE). For example,

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">

It indicates the usage of “HTML-4.01”. You can find the different types of (DOCTYPE) declarations for different HTML version’s.

HTML5: The Gamechanger

The first launch of HTML5 revolutionized web industries. It adopted modifications that enabled native multimedia content handling, eliminated the need for external plugins, and enhanced semantic capabilities. The W3C published substantial documentation explaining HTML5’s improvements over HTML4. HTML5 and the HTML5.1 standard history section provide thorough information about HTML5’s transformative role in web development.

Conclusion: Enduring Significance

HTML is more than just a tool for creating websites. It’s a representation of how the internet evolved. It began as a simple way to construct web pages and has since become essential to creating sophisticated websites. Learning HTML and all its versions is crucial for web builders, technology enthusiasts, and everyone who uses it for everyday work and web presentation.

Leave a Reply